2015年中考英语作文写作指南

概括初中中考英语作文的写作技巧及一些常规作文的写作模板,同时归纳全国历年中考英语作文加分优美句型,优美句子,是提高学生写作的好资料

泰和黄冈学校2015届中考英语作文

第一讲 概括

一、题型特点:

书面表达是对学生的语言组织能力、行文表达能力、基础知识、语法、词汇等综合驾驭能力的考查。

中考书面表达贴近生活,贴近时代,给同学们一更多的表达空间。

作文题目由限制性题目到半开放性题目,提示性词语越来越少,而给同学们的空间越来越大: 二、考查形式(体裁):

中考英语考查形式多样:看图(表)写作、书信、通知、日记、记人物等。 体裁包括:记叙文、说明文和应用文; 三、做题步骤:

1 审题:审清作文体裁(类型)时态、人称等细节; 2 列提纲(文章结构框架):分几段,以及每段大体内容; 3 写作:在提纲的基础上补充要点;

4 复查:2遍——1遍看查拼写、语法、标点等问题;2遍不出声读查,靠语感检查语句是否通顺、连贯等; 5 誊抄:不允许做任何的更改。

*总之做到三审:体裁、时态、人称; 三思:词汇—>短语—>句式; 三查:要点、拼写和语法、连贯。 四、作文一般框架: 文章分3段:

(1)综述:概括性强,最多2句话引入主题;

(2)正文——主要内容:层次性强,一定要有过渡型连接词。最多展开3个方面,每个方面最多2句话;

(3)结尾:紧扣主题,2句话内结束,尽量升华 五、如何列提纲:

例1:利弊型作文——Microblog的利与弊

Para1: (综述)with the development of internet… more and more popular… Para2: (利)First, convenient, anywhere, any time; Second, share… with…; Last, express views free, money-free… Para3: (弊)However, one coin has two faces. On the one hand, a waste of time——affect study; On the other hand, not safe——stolen, hurt feelings Para4: (个人)As a student, make good use of it. 例2:计划安排型作文——谈假期安排

Para1: (综述)graduate from…, holiday is coming, plan for this holiday Para2: (正文)Firstly, study comes first. make preparations for the first senior year; Secondly, visit tourist attractions; Last but not least, do sports to build up my body.

Para3: I am sure I’ll have a meaningful holiday. (I’m looking forward to the coming holiday.) (I can’t wait to enjoy my summer vocation.) 六、常见的作文类型模板: 1 书信

a书信开头常用语

Lucy I am very glad to receive your letter (hear form you). Hello, Jane. Is everything going (on) well? … I’m writing to you for some advice on how to… I’m writing to ask if you can ...

How time flies! It has been months/years since we last met. Thank you for inviting me to …. b 书信结尾常用语 2 图表、数字比例型

(提出讨论或调查的事实)Last week, our class had a class meeting on (how to)… Here are the results.

(表达出不同看法或观点)Most students think … While … 20% of them choose to…. Another 15 believe… There are also some… saying that… (表达个人看法) As a student, I agree to… 3 说明利弊型

Nowadays … is becoming more and more popular.

It has many advantages . First, 优点1… Besides, 优点2…

However, every coin has two sides. It also brings us bad influences. On the one hand, 缺点1… On the other hand, 缺点2… In my opinion,个人观点 … 4 不同观点型

We made a survey about whether we should …提出矛盾问题. Different people hold different ideas.

Some believe …正方观点. First, 原因1… Besides, 原因2… While others don’t agree. They think…反方观点. On the one hand, 原因1… On the other hand, 原因2… As for me,个人观点 … 5 解决问题型

Recently, the … problem has been more and more serious. …should do something to solve it.

Firstly, 方法1… Secondly, 方法2… Finally, 方法3…

I am sure if everyone can make a contribution to …, the … will become better and better. 八、常用过渡性词语

叙事文常用的句子间连接词: At first; at last; in the end… then/next/after that…

when/while/as soon as/not… until…

at the same time; at times; once in a while; so that

To one’s surprise/joy

Luckily/fortunately/unluckily/unfortunately… in a word/in all 议论文常用连接词

表示并列:either…or; neither…nor; both…and; not only…but also; 表示递进的:besides; what’s more; what’s worse; (moreover);

表示原因的:because; for…; because of…; thanks to…; (for the reason that…);

表示结果的:so; as a result; so…that…; therefore;

表示目的的:so that…; in order that…; (in order) to…; for…;

表示对比的:while; on the one hand + on the other hand; Each coin has two sides.; prefer…to…; would rather do…than do…; 议论文常用连接词

表示转折的:however; but;

表示举例的:for example; for instance; such as…; like…; that is to say… 表示总结的:in all/short; in a word; in brief/ total; last but not least; last; 表示利弊的:be good/bad for sb.; be harmful to sb.; do harm to sb.; …have great/much influence on sb.; sth. benefit sb.; sb benefit from sth.; affect; have an effect on sb.;

表示喜爱的:love/like/enjoy…; be fond of…; be interested in…; show great interest in…; lose oneself in…; put one’s heart into…; be good at; be poor at; be weak in;

议论文常用连接词

表达个人想法的:I think/believe…; (as) for me; in my opinion/view; as a student; from the bottom of my heart; personally; 词 做…有困难

in general; generally speaking; to be short; to be honest; to tell the truth; as we know; make up one’s mind to do; in a way I will work hard to make my dream come true. It takes sb. +时间+to do…

Sb. spend(某种人称时态)+时间/钱+on sth./ (in) doing sth. It’s important/necessary/useful/useless/common…(for sb.) to v… It’s nice/kind of sb. to v.. It’s time for sb. to do sth. It’s a waste of time to…

It’s …years/days since sb. +ved

It’s great fun to do=sb. have great fun doing

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