2015年中考英语作文写作指南

概括初中中考英语作文的写作技巧及一些常规作文的写作模板,同时归纳全国历年中考英语作文加分优美句型,优美句子,是提高学生写作的好资料

泰和黄冈学校2015届中考英语作文

第一讲概括

一、题型特点:

书面表达是对学生的语言组织能力、行文表达能力、基础知识、语法、词汇等综合驾驭能力的考查。

中考书面表达贴近生活,贴近时代,给同学们一更多的表达空间。

作文题目由限制性题目到半开放性题目,提示性词语越来越少,而给同学们的空间越来越大:

二、考查形式(体裁):

中考英语考查形式多样:看图(表)写作、书信、通知、日记、记人物等。体裁包括:记叙文、说明文和应用文;

三、做题步骤:

1 审题:审清作文体裁(类型)时态、人称等细节;

2 列提纲(文章结构框架):分几段,以及每段大体内容;

3 写作:在提纲的基础上补充要点;

4 复查:2遍——1遍看查拼写、语法、标点等问题;2遍不出声读查,靠语感检查语句是否通顺、连贯等;

5 誊抄:不允许做任何的更改。

*总之做到三审:体裁、时态、人称;

三思:词汇—>短语—>句式;

三查:要点、拼写和语法、连贯。

四、作文一般框架:

文章分3段:

(1)综述:概括性强,最多2句话引入主题;

(2)正文——主要内容:层次性强,一定要有过渡型连接词。最多展开3个方面,每个方面最多2句话;

(3)结尾:紧扣主题,2句话内结束,尽量升华

五、如何列提纲:

例1:利弊型作文——Microblog的利与弊

Para1: (综述)with the development of internet… more and more popular…Para2: (利)First, convenient, anywhere, any time; Second, share…with…; Last, express views free, money-free…

Para3: (弊)However, one coin has two faces. On the one hand, a waste of time ——affect study; On the other hand, not safe——stolen, hurt feelings

Para4: (个人)As a student, make good use of it.

例2:计划安排型作文——谈假期安排

Para1: (综述)graduate from…, holiday is coming, plan for this holiday Para2: (正文)Firstly, study comes first. make preparations for the first senior year; Secondly, visit tourist attractions; Last but not least, do sports to build up my body. Para3: I am sure I’ll have a meaningful holiday. (I’m looking forward to the

coming holiday.) (I can’t wait to enjoy my summer vocation.)

六、常见的作文类型模板:

1 书信

a书信开头常用语

Lucy

•I am very glad to receive your letter (hear form you).

•Hello, Jane. Is everything going (on) well?

…/How is everything going (on)?

•I’m writing to you for some advice on how to…

•I’m writing to ask if you can ...

•How time flies! It has been months/years since we last met.

•Thank you for inviting me to ….

b 书信结尾常用语

2 图表、数字比例型

(提出讨论或调查的事实)Last week, our class had a class meeting on (how

to)…Here are the results.

(表达出不同看法或观点)Most students think …While …20% of them

choose to…. Another 15 believe…There are also some…saying that…(表

达个人看法)As a student, I agree to…

3 说明利弊型

Nowadays …is becoming more and more popular.

It has many advantages . First, 优点1…Besides, 优点2…

However, every coin has two sides. It also brings us bad influences. On

the one hand, 缺点1…On the other hand, 缺点2…

In my opinion,个人观点…

4 不同观点型

We made a survey about whether we should …提出矛盾问题. Different

people hold different ideas.

Some believe …正方观点. First, 原因1…Besides, 原因2…

While others don’t agree. They think…反方观点. On the one hand, 原

因1…On the other hand, 原因2…

As for me,个人观点…

5 解决问题型

Recently, the …problem has been more and more serious. …should do

something to solve it.

Firstly, 方法1…Secondly, 方法2…Finally, 方法3…

I am sure if everyone can make a contribution to …, the …will

become better and better.

八、常用过渡性词语

叙事文常用的句子间连接词:

At first; at last; in the end…

then/next/after that…

when/while/as soon as/not… until…

at the same time; at times; once in a while;

so that

To one’s surprise/joy

Luckily/fortunately/unluckily/unfortunately…

in a word/in all

议论文常用连接词

表示并列:either…or; neither…nor; both…and; not only…but also;

表示递进的:besides; what’s more; what’s worse; (moreover);

表示原因的:because; for…; because of…; thanks to…; (for the reason

that…);

表示结果的:so; as a result; so…that…; therefore;

表示目的的:so that…; in order that…; (in order) to…; for…;

表示对比的:while; on the one hand + on the other hand; Each coin has two

sides.; prefer…to…; would rather do…than do…;

议论文常用连接词

表示转折的:however; but;

表示举例的:for example; for instance; such as…; like…; that is to say…

表示总结的:in all/short; in a word; in brief/ total; last but not least; last;

表示利弊的:be good/bad for sb.; be harmful to sb.; do harm to sb.; …have

great/much influence on sb.; sth. benefit sb.; sb benefit from sth.; affect; have

an effect on sb.;

表示喜爱的:love/like/enjoy…; be fond of…; be interested in…; show great

interest in…; lose oneself in…; put one’s heart into…; be good at; be poor at;

be weak in;

议论文常用连接词

表达个人想法的:I think/believe…; (as) for me; in my opinion/view; as a

student; from the bottom of my heart; personally;

词做…有困难

in general; generally speaking; to be short; to be honest; to tell the truth; as we

know; make up one’s mind to do; in a way

I will work hard to make my dream come true.

I hope your dream will come true one day.

It takes sb. +时间+to do…

Sb. spend(某种人称时态)+时间/钱+on sth./ (in) doing sth.

It’s important/necessary/useful/useless/common…(for sb.) to v…

It’s nice/kind of sb. to v..

It’s time for sb. to do sth.

It’s a waste of time to…

It’s …years/days since sb. +ved

It’s great fun to do=sb. have great fun doing

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