四级语法特训(六)

四级语法特训(六)

八 状语从句

状语从句:两个独立的句子中间用一些含义不同的连接词连接;状语从句用来表达两个句子之间的逻辑关系;分成原因状语、条件状语、结果状语、时间状语、地点状语、让步状语、目的状语、比较状语、方式状语等九大类型;

eg:I got up late.

I was late for school.

Because I got up late, I was late for school. (原因状语从句) I got up late,so I was late for school. (结果状语从句)

1. 地点状语:

地点状语从句通常由where, wherever,everywhere 引导;

eg:Where I live there are plenty of trees.

Wherever you work, you will gain much valuable experience as long as you are willing to work.

Wherever=no matter where

Everywhere they went, they were warmly received.

Where there is a will, there is a way.

where:不能翻译成在……地方时,通常翻译为如果,表示在……条件下; eg: Where you are confident,you will succeed.

eg:Where previously the bank had concentrated on the big infrastructure projects , such as dams, roads and bridges,it begin to switch to projects which directly improved the basic services of a country.

concentrated on :集中于;

2. 方式状语从句:

方式状语从句通常由as,,as if, as though,the way, what引导;

eg:Always do to the others as you would be done by.

When enter rome do as the romans do .

(1)as从句带有比喻的含义,意思是"正如…","就像";

(2)as if/though:"仿佛……似的","好像……似的";

有时用虚拟语气,有时不用;

eg:They completely ignore these facts as if (as though) they never existed. (与事实相反,谓语用虚拟语气。)

He looks as if (as though) he had been hit by lighting.

(与事实相反,谓语用虚拟语气。)

It looks as if the weather may pick up very soon.

(实现的可能性较大,谓语用陈述语气。)

(3)the way:可以连接两个句子,表达就像……一样;

eg:I should do the job the way my father did.

Many Europeans now apparently view the US. the way many Americans view Mexican as a cheap place to vacation, shop and party.

(4)what:就像,犹如;

eg:Air is to man what/as water is to fish.

句型:A is to B what C is to D.

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