商务英语综合教程3Gender differences (Key toexercises)

Unit 6

Gender Differences

Text I

Exercises

I Reading Comprehension

Answer the following questions based on the text.

1. What is masculinity usually characterized by?

Masculinity is usually characterized by dominance and aggression.

2. What is femininity usually characterized by?

Femininity is characterized by passivity and submission.

3. What happens when a person succeeds in performing the tasks considered not appropriate for his/her own gender?

If they succeed adequately, or even well, at their endeavors, they may be rewarded with ridicule or scorn for blurring the gender dividing line.

4. What are thought to be intrinsic to the female facility for?

Feminine characteristics are thought to be intrinsic to the female facility for childbirth and breastfeeding.

5. According to the text, what drives women to dress, move, speak and act in ways appeal to men?

A heterosexual orientation requires women to dress, move, speak, and act in ways that men will find attractive.

6. In what way does a person appear feminine?

Body postures and demeanors which communicate subordinate status and vulnerability to trespass through a message of “no threat” make people appear to be feminine. People also look feminine when they point their toes inward and use their hands in small or childlike gestures. Other people also tend to stand closer to people they see as feminine, often invading their personal space, while people who make frequent appeasement gestures, such as smiling, also give the appearance of femininity.

7. In what fields do women tend to excel over men?

Women tend to excel over men at the ability to correctly interpret, and effectively display, nonverbal communication cues.

8. When speaking, who may be considered more masculine?

People who attempt to control the direction of conversations seem more masculine. Those who tend to speak more loudly, use less polite and more assertive forms, and tend to interrupt the conversations of others more often also communicate masculinity to others.

9. According to the text, what do gender role characteristics reflect?

Gender role characteristics reflect the ideological contentions underlying the dominant gender schema in North American society.

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