World War II

World War II, or the Second World War(often abbreviated WWII or WW2), was a global military conflict which involved a majority of the world's nations,

including all of the great powers, organized into two opposing military alliances: the Allies and the Axis. The war involved the mobilisation of over 100 million military personnel, making it the most widespread war in history. In a state of "total war", the major participants placed their complete economic, industrial, and scientific capabilities at the service of the war effort, erasing the distinction between civilian and military resources. Over seventy million people, the

majority of whom were civilians, were killed, making it the deadliest conflict in human history.

The start of the war is generally held to be in September 1st 1939 with the German invasion of Poland and subsequent declarations of war on Germany by most of the countries in the British Commonwealth and France. Many belligerents were at war before or after this date, during a period which spanned from 1937 to 1941, as a result of other events. Amongst these main events are the Marco Polo Bridge Incident (fought between Nationalist China and Japan), the start of Operation Barbarossa (the Nazi invasion of the Soviet Union), and the attacks on Pearl Harbor and British and Dutch colonies in South East Asia.

After the war ended in 1945, the Soviet Union and the United States emerged as the world's superpowers. This set the stage for the Cold War, which lasted for the next 45 years. The United Nations was formed in the hope of preventing another such conflict. The acceptance of the right to self-determination accelerated decolonization movements in Asia and Africa, while Western Europe itself began moving toward integration.

东条英机(とうじょう ひでき)(Toujou Hideki,1884~1948)第二次世界大战日本法西斯主犯之一

东条英机,日本陆军大将,日本统制派军官,是日本军国主义的代表人物。是第二次世界大战中,是仅次于希特勒、墨索里尼、昭和天皇的法西斯头目,是日本军国主义侵略亚洲、侵略中国的头号战争罪犯。在第二次世界大战任日本陆军大将和第四十任内阁首相(1941年10月18日-1944年7月22日),战后被定为甲级战犯,在其出任日本陆军大臣和内阁总理期间,发动太平洋战争,日本军队策动攻击美国夏威夷珍珠港,疯狂侵略、践踏亚洲10多个国家和地区,造成数以千万计的生灵涂炭

东条英机1884年12月30日生于日本东京一个军阀家庭。其父东条英教一个从下级军官逐步晋升为陆军中将,甲午战争时期任日军大本营参谋,后任《日清战史》编纂部部长;日俄战争以来历任日军第八旅团旅团长、留守近卫第一旅团旅团长、朝鲜京城守备旅团旅团长;晚年从事兵学书编

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