四级作文首末段写法

首末段写法

①首段的写作

首段的写作方式一般为:

1)运用事实性信息、调查或故事等引出话题,

2)导入主题,然后提出自己的观点,也就是文章的论点。

首段开篇的方式常见的有:

1) 谚语法

由于谚语一般已经被大家所接受,用谚语提出自己的观点也容易被读者所接受。

As the saying goes,” Money makes the mare go", but there are many things we can't buy with money, such as time and true love. …

2) 定义法

定义法是通过对文章中的关键词做一些简单或正面或反面的解释,限定其范围,这样比较有利于引出主题。

"Practice makes perfect" is an old saying. It tells us that it does not matter if we are clumsy at doing something. As long as we keep on trying and practicing, we will do a good job in the end.

3) 提问法

通过提问一个或一连串的问题,可以激发读者的兴趣,从而引出主题。

a. Do you have many friends? Are they similar to you or different from you? Which kind of friends do you prefer?

b. What is a good student? Different people may have different answers to this question.

4) 概括法

概括法指先总结文章内容所涉及的现状,然后引出主题。

In recent years, with the development of science and technology, the Internet has come into more and more homes and is playing a more and more important role in our work and daily life. It has become a must to us, but at the same time, Internet has also brought with it a lot of problems.

5) 故事法

故事法指用简单有趣的故事激发读者的兴趣,从而提出自己的观点。如下面"Is Stress a Bad Thing?"

" I can't stand the pressure and competition," explained one friend of mine when asked why he decided to quit his highly-paid but demanding position in his company recently. My friend may have his own reasons, but I don't think his decision is wise in reality.

6) 引语法

"Just as eating without liking harms the health, learning without interest harms the memory and can't be retained." From Vinci's words we can see how important it is to motivate the students in language learning.

7) 调查法

为了得到读者的认可,文章的开始可以引出调查数据等,借以提出主题,如下面"Is Stress a Bad Thing?"的和"Can Schoolchildren Start Using the Internet?"的。

According to a recent survey, in the last few years, quite a number of young people have chosen to quit their demanding but highly-paid jobs. Although they may have their own respective reasons, I don't think their decision is wise in reality.

According to a recent survey, Internet users are becoming younger and younger, and

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