被动语态练习题

被动语态

Active Voice 主动语态 Passive Voice

Many people speak English. English is spoken by many people. They found the dinosaur eggs in Liaoning. The dinosaur eggs were found in

Liaoning.

We must do something to stop the pollution. Something must be done to stop the pollution.

一.被动语态的时态:

1.一般现在时的被动语态:am /is/ are +动词的过去分词

2.一般过去时的被动语态:was /were +动词的过去分词

3.一般将来时的被动语态:will be +动词的过去分词

4.现在进行时的被动语态:am /is /are +being +动词的过去分词

5.现在完成时的被动语态:have /has +been +动词的过去分词

6.情态动词的被动语态:情态动词 + be +动词的过去分词

二.主动语态变被动语态的变法:

口诀:宾变主,主变宾,谓变be done ,时不变,数格必须随被变。

注:1.主动、被动的时态要一致。

2.主动、被动的句式要一致。

3.变成的被动语态的主语与谓语在单复数上保持一致。

三、When to use the Passive Voice:

1. 行为主体不明确,不必说出或者无法说出动作的执行者时。

Football is played all over the world.

2. 不易找到或根本就找不到动作的执行者时。

My bike was stolen.

3. 汉语含有“据说”、“有人说”等时。

It is said that another bridge has been built over the Changjiang River.

4. 汉语中含有“被”、“由”等词时。

Wei Hua is asked to come by Lin Tao.

5. 汉语中没有“被”、“由”等词,而在原句中试加这类词且句意通顺时。

These songs are usually sung by boys.

6. 某些句子习惯上用被动语态。

He was born in October, 1988.

7. 表示礼貌时。

You are friendly invited to come to our English party at 8:00p.m. tomorrow.

(Note: 用于被动语态中的动词是及物动词,不及物动词不能用被动语态。)分词

8.带双宾语的被动语态:

动词+ sb(间宾) +sth(直宾)

口诀:如遇双宾语,一般变间宾,若把直宾变,to /for 间宾连。

1).give/pass /show 与介词to 搭配。

give sb sth —— sb +be given sth 或 sth +be given +to sb .

2).buy/make/cook 与介词for 搭配。

buy sb sth —— sb +be bought + sth 或 sth +be bought +for sb

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