(完整版)建筑专业词汇中英对照(精心整理版)

1DESIGN BASIS 设计依据

计划建议书planning proposals

设计任务书design order

标准规范standards and codes

条件图information drawing

设计基础资料basic data for design

工艺流程图process flowchart

工程地质资料engineering geological data 原始资料original data

设计进度schedule of design

2STAGE OF DESIGN 设计阶段

方案scheme, draft

草图sketch

会谈纪要summary of discussion

谈判negotiation

可行性研究feasibility study

初步设计preliminary design

基础设计basic design 详细设计detail design

询价图enquiry drawing

施工图working drawing, construction drawing

竣工图as built drawing

3CLIMATE CONDITION 气象条件

日照sunshine

风玫瑰wind rose

主导风向prevailing wind direction

最大(平均)风速maximum (mean) wind velocity

风荷载wind load

最大(平均)降雨量maximum (mean) rainfall

雷击及闪电thunder and lightning

飓风hurricane

台风typhoon

旋风cyclone

降雨强度rainfall intensity

年降雨量annual rainfall

湿球温度wet bulb temperature

干球温度dry bulb temperature

冰冻期frost period

冰冻线frost line

冰冻区frost zone

室外计算温度calculating outdoor temperature

采暖地区region with heating provision

不采暖地区region without heating provision

绝对大气压absolute atmospheric pressure

相对湿度relative humidity

4GENERAL ROOM NAME 常用房间

办公室office

服务用房service room

换班室shift room

休息室rest room (break room)

起居室living room

浴室bathroom

淋浴间shower

更衣室locker room

厕所lavatory

门厅lobby

诊室clinic

工作间workshop

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