倒装句语法及习题答案

倒装句

从近几年的高考命题形式来看,考查倒装句用法的试题比较多

在以here、there、up、in、out、away、off等表示方位的副词开头的句子里以及作地点状语的介词短语放在句首时,句子使用全倒装。但主语是代词时,主谓不倒装。

例如:1、At the foot of the mountain .(06四川)

A、a village lies B、lies a village

C、does a village lie D、lying a village

答案:B解析:因为介词短语为地点状语而且置于句首,句子要用完全倒装形式。At the foot of the mountain 是状语。句意为“山脚下有一个村庄”。

2、In the dark forests ,some large enough to hold several English towns.(05辽宁)

A、stand many lakes B、lie many lakes

C、many lakes lie D、many lakes stand

答案:B解析:因为in the dark forests 是作地点状语,所以句子要用全部倒装

以only修饰的副词、介词短语或状语从句(自身不倒装)位于句首时,常用部分倒装。

例如:1、Only after my friend came .(05福建)

A、did the computer repair B、he repaired the computer

C、was the computer repaired D、the computer was repaired

这次模拟考试题是依高中英语新教材,按高中英语教学大纲,结合高考考试说明而命题,有利于检查考生基础知识的掌握情况,考查考生实际运用英语知识的能力;

一、部分倒装

部分倒装是把be动词、情态动词、助动词放到主语之前。如果句子中没有这些词,要在主语之前加助动词do / does / did等,而把原来的谓语动词变成原形放在主语之后。部分倒装主要有以下几种情况:

1.句首状语为否定词或半否定词的句子

这类词或短语主要有never, neither, nor, little, seldom, rarely, hardly, scarcely, no sooner, not only, in no way, at no time, few, not, no等,如:

Not a word did I say to him.

Never have I found him so happy.

Little does he care about what I said.

I can't swim. Neither can he.

No sooner had he gone to bed than he fell asleep.

巩固练习:

1) Hardly ________ the airport when the plane took off.

A. I had arrived at B. had I arrived C. had I reached D. I had got to

2) —Have you ever seen anything like that before?

—No, ________ anything like that before.

A. I never have seen B. never I have seen C. never have I seen D. I have seen

3) She is not fond of cooking, ________ I.

A. so am B. nor am C. neither D. nor do

2.only +状语放在句首,要部分倒装,如:

Only by this means is it possible to explain it. (介词短语)

Only then did I realize the importance of math. (副词)

Only when the war was over in 1918 was he able to get happily back to work.

巩固练习:

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