The Culture of China--1

The Culture of China


Forbidden City

Great Wall

Shaolin Temple


Spring Festival

Qingming Festival

Duanwu Festival

Mid-Autumn Festival


Chinese are in and .In , dragons are typically portrayed as long, scaled, serpentine creatures with four legs. In terminology(术语), a dragon is yang and complements a yin “(长生鸟)".

In Chinese daily language, excellent and outstanding people are compared to the dragon

while incapable people with no achievements are compared with other, disesteemed creatures, such as the worm. A number of Chinese and feature references to

the dragon, for example: “Hoping one s son will

become a dragon” (望子成龙).

Many often use the term

“” ()

as a sign of ethnic identity, as part of a trend

started in the 1970s when different Asian

nationalities were looking for animal

symbols for representations.The

was used among the (蒙古), the among (西藏).


Fenghuang are birds of that reign over all other birds. The males

are called Feng and the Huang. In modern times, however, such a distinction of gender is often no longer made and the Feng and Huang are blurred into a single feminine entity so that the bird can be paired with the , which has male connotations.

In ancient and modern Chinese culture, they can often be found in the decorations for or , along with . This is because the Chinese considered the and phoenix symbolic of blissful(极幸福的) relations between husband and wife, another common yin and yang metaphor.

“Dragon and Phoenix infants” (龙凤胎) is an expression meaning a set of male and

female (异卵双生).

Forbidden City

The Forbidden City was the

imperial from the

to the end of the . It is

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