张培基英译现代散文选1精华词汇

张培基英译现代散文选1

1. Phrasal Expression & Words

… amid(st) thunderous applause at the present moment a bare subsistence Avaricious desires 贪念 A be characteristic of B Bark up the wrong tree 攻击错了目标 = B be characterized by A bashful A bend in a river / mountain Bask in the sunshine A blind alley Be ablaze/aglow with light A brass drum 小铜鼓 be advanced in years A bygone age be an encumbrance to… a clot of blood Be beset/troubled with/by A cobbled path Be blurred by… A confused mass of… Be bogged down = be trapped A faint scent of Be bound up with…密切关联

A forgone conclusion 预料中的必然结局 be central/indispensable to sb. A hired hand on contract Be cooped up = be caged A jumble of… 一大堆 be deeply grieved to learn of… A keen sense of be distinguished by A long-timer of Beijing Be engrossed in…

A loose community of smaller family Be exquisite and nicely arranged A man of profound learning be forever cherished / treasured A mere drop in the ocean Be hale and hearty A niche in the temple of fame Be havened from A passing glance be humanly impossible A philosophical approach to life Be a positive outcome imprinted/carved/engraved/ingrained A scene of poetic charm on/upon… A sensation of blissfulness be in a fix A speck of mud Be instrumental in A stone’s throw Be interwoven with 交织着 A trace / shade / tint/ sprinkle of… be irrelevant / foreign to A Treasury of Best Chinese Prose 古文观Be keenly aware of 止 be keyed up紧张 A vast tract of land Be led by the nose A virtuous man / a man of supreme be of southern breed virtue / moral integrity Be off and on A widening expanse of water be on an equal footing with… abandon … to fate Be on the lips of… Ache/agonize with pain Be on the minds of.. Adjoining room be out to do… admire sb for sth be overgrown with wild woods affected 做作 be packed with… aim high Be plagued = annoyed = upset amiable by nature Be possessed Amuse oneself by… = do … for fun Be possessed of Amusing episode be reconciled to… an enlightened king be reduced to An odd-jobber be saddled with An opportune moment 合适时机 be sent to gallows Ancestral home Be short of/devoid of Approach senility Be shrouded in = be covered in aptly 恰如其分地 = be enveloped in Art troupe 文工团 Be sloppy in thinking At a stretch/sitting Be strewn/covered/festooned with… At one’s command Be stumped by = baffled

Be tantamount to…= equal

Be tinted / colored by… Be troubled / seized with… Be tucked away in… Be weaned 断奶

Be weighed down/ troubled with be wet with perspiration/…

Be wide of / far from the mark 离谱 Be wild with excitement / joy Be worthy of… 无愧于

Beam = a big smile on face Bear a thin coating of… begin by degrees 逐渐开始

Beguile = while / idle / fritter away Bibliomania bicker

Birds of a feather flock together Blackout: (战时)灯火管制 Blurt 脱口而出

bookish / pedantic / impractical view Border sth on the west boudoir 闺房

Bountiful free gifts Bow down to

Brazenly claim / credit 厚颜无耻邀功 Break into uncontrolled sobs Brilliant talent burst with vitality Bury the hatchet Button up clothes By dint of 凭借 Capon

Carcass: slaughtered animal for food Cavernous mouth

Chant ancient Chinese books 诵读古籍 chicken-and-egg 因果难断的 Chit chat

Click away the seconds Come dimly into sight

Come out exceedingly well Come to pass 出现,发生 Come up against

Come upon a windfall Come/be of age

Confirmed = habitual Confirmed = habitual

Congenial disposition 天性 convulsive sob cool one’s heel Cordially

cotton-padded gown 棉衣 Court ladies = palace maid

Crackling: sound made by burning wood

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