Unit 7 The Adventures of Tom Sawyer定语从句语法

Unit 7 The Adventures of Tom Sawyer定语从句语法

Unit 7 The Adventures of Tom Sawyer定语从句语法

Unit 7 The Adventures of Tom Sawyer定语从句语法

Unit 7 The Adventures of Tom Sawyer定语从句语法

Unit 7 The Adventures of Tom Sawyer定语从句语法

Unit 7 The Adventures of Tom Sawyer定语从句语法

Unit 7 The Adventures of Tom Sawyer定语从句语法

Unit 7 The Adventures of Tom Sawyer定语从句语法

Unit 7 The Adventures of Tom Sawyer定语从句语法

Unit 7 The Adventures of Tom Sawyer定语从句语法

Unit 7 The Adventures of Tom Sawyer定语从句语法

Unit 7 The Adventures of Tom Sawyer定语从句语法

Unit 7 The Adventures of Tom Sawyer定语从句语法

Unit 7 The Adventures of Tom Sawyer (2)

Date:_______ name:_______

【语法专项】— 定语从句

一、概念:

1. 定语:用来修饰名词或代词的词

2. 如果定语是句子,便称为定语从句。

I know the girl. The girl is dancing. (两个简单句)

→I know the girl who is dancing. (定语从句)

被修饰的词是_______________。这个词就称为先行词。

其中连接两个句子的是______________, 称为关系词。关系词在从句中指代先 行词,并在从句中充当一定的成分,观察上句,关系词在从句中充当___________。

二、具体用法:

1. 由who, that和which引导的关系从句,其前面一定有一个表示人或物的名词或代 词。这个被修饰的名词或代词叫做先行词。当先行词指人时,由who或that引导; 当先行词指物时,由which或that引导。

I don’t know the boy who is playing football.

The film which we saw last night was wonderful.

Mary likes music that is quiet and gentle.

2. that引导的关系从句,其先行词可以表示人,也可以表示物。

The coat that I put on the desk is blue. (that指物,=which)

The boy that visited our school yesterday is from England. (that指人,=who)

3. who, that和which在关系从句中既可以作主语,也可以作宾语。作主语时关系代词 不可以省略;作宾语时,that和which可以省略。

The man who lives next to us is a policeman. (who作主语,不能省)

He is the man that I visited last week. (that作宾语,可以省)

三、定语从句中只能用that的情况:

1. 先行词为all, much, nothing, none, something, everything等不定代词时。 Is there anything that you want to buy in the shop?

2. 先行词被序数词或形容词最高级所修饰时。

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