_Dream_and_Nightmares 2

Subject area 1 Dream and Nightmares

What are dreams?

Dreams are a form of mental activity that occurs during sleep. Dreaming activity can vary from very simple thoughts or images, to elaborated stories with vivid color images and intense physical activity.

form: 形式 mental: 心理的 occur: 发生;出现;存在 vary: 违反;改变

elaborate: 详细阐述 vivid: 生动的;鲜明的 intense physical activity: 强烈的身体运动

梦是一种在睡眠时候出现的心理活动。梦可以违反那些简单的思想或想象,用鲜艳的颜色形象和强烈的身体运动来阐述故事。

Our most vivid dreams occur during a kind of sleep called "REM." REM stands for "rapid eye movement," because our eyes move back and forth quickly. "Vivid" means bright and lively. Our brain is very active during REM sleep. During the night, we have REM sleep every 90 to 100 minutes. REM periods last as long as 45 minutes. We have more dreams during other phases of sleep, but they are not as vivid.

stand for: 代表;支持;象征 phase: 阶段;时期

period: 期间;周期;时期(补充:月经;课时;句号)

我们最生动的梦发生在“REM”。REM的意思是快速眼动期。快速眼动期是指在这期间,你的眼球会前后左右地快速运动。“Vivid”的意思是指鲜艳的、活灵活现的。在快速眼动期期间,我们的大脑会非常活跃。在夜里,我们每90到100分钟就会有一次快速眼动期。快速眼动期期间会持续最多45分钟。在其他睡眠时间我们会做更多的梦,但是它们都不够生动、鲜明。

What is nightmare?

A nightmare is a dream occurring rapid eye movement (REM) sleep that brings out feelings of strong fear, terror, distress, or extreme anxiety. Nightmares are usually in the latter part of the night and wake up the sleeper, who is able to remember the content of the dream.

fear: 恐惧 terror: 恐怖 distress: 痛苦 extreme anxiety: 强烈的不安;焦虑

Word文档免费下载Word文档免费下载:_Dream_and_Nightmares 2 (共4页,当前第1页)

_Dream_and_Nightmares 2相关文档

最新文档

返回顶部